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参观园所,我们的思考……
时间:2018/5/18 访问次数:868

参观园所,我们的思考……

Our thinking after visiting the kindergartens…

——保教主任研修班实地研讨篇

--the discussion in the education directors Seminar
 

《3-6岁儿童学习与发展指南》指出:“关注幼儿学习与发展的整体性;尊重幼儿发展的个体差异;理解幼儿学习方式的特点;重视幼儿的学习品质”。在生活和游戏中,幼儿通过亲身感受、体验、操作、探究,不断地发展对自我、对他人、对外部世界的认识,进行有意义的自我建构。

"3-6 year old children's learning and development guide" points out: "to pay attention to the integrity of children's learning and development; to respect the individual differences in children's development; to understand the characteristics of children's learning methods; to attach importance to the quality of children's learning." Children continually develop their understanding of themselves via life and games, recognize the outside world through personal experience, experience, operation and exploration, and make meaningful self-construction.

为了能将《指南》精神真正地应用于实践,将此次培训的理论知识活学活用,研修活动特安排老师前往北京市丰台区第一幼儿园、北京市丰台区育英幼儿园进行深度的参观和研习。

In order to be able to apply the spirit of the guide to practice and the theoretical knowledge of this training can be used, the teachers are arranged to visit and study in Fengtai First Kindergarten and Yuying kindergarten in Fengtai District, Beijing.

北京市丰台区第一幼儿园至今已有55年历史。作为北京市市级示范的幼儿园,其园所文化、环境以及幼儿言语表情间体现的自信与自豪,深深地震撼到我们每一位老师。“源于生活、归于实践、还于幼儿”的课程理念,使孩子们回归本真;在孩子的童年时光我们到底给她们留下什么? 以自然生活、生活创意、生活发现、生活技能、生活礼仪为契机,丰台一幼的老师们充分利用“一公里资源”,将幼儿园打造成“养成教育的摇篮”。在这里孩子们发现好玩的事、喜欢有趣的事、践行改变生活的意愿、追随本心与生活相处。宽裕的活动时间,丰富自然的材料,自主自信的孩子,无不体现了园所的文化内涵。

 

Beijing Fengtai First Kindergarten has a history of 55 years. As a demonstration kindergarten in the city of Beijing, the culture, the environment and the confidence showed on the children and teacher’s face impressed us a lot. The course concept “Practice in life and give back to children” makes children return to the truth. What do we leave to them in the children's childhood? With the opportunity of natural life, life creativity, life discovery, life skills and life etiquette, the teachers of the Fengtai First Kindergarten make full use of "one kilometer" advantage to make their Kindergarten a cradle of education. Children could find interesting things, fulfill their wishes to change their lives, and follow their true feelings and get along with their lives here. Ample time for activities, rich natural materials, and self-confident children all reflect the cultural connotation of the garden.







 

北京市丰台区育英幼儿园是一所北京市市级示范幼儿园,园所创建了稳定且有梯队的教师队伍,为幼儿园各项工作可持续发展奠定了坚实的基础。园所每个角落都彰显着以“幼儿自主性运动游戏”为主题的文化与特色。“充分挖掘园所的体育环境资源;科学设置运动区域;在有效的环境刺激下,激发幼儿体育活动的兴趣。”在围绕这些主题的深入探索和研究中,育英幼儿园的教师们找到了组织“幼儿自主性运动游戏活动”的有效策略,并根据实践不断调整,最大化的促进了幼儿体育游戏水平,从中使幼儿语言交往、生活体验、身体发育等方面得到了发展。

 

Beijing Fengtai Yuying kindergarten is a municipal demonstration kindergarten in Beijing. The Kindergarten has established a stable and echelon of teachers, which lays a solid foundation for the sustainable development of various kindergartens. Every corner of the kindergarten embodies the culture and characteristics of children's autonomous sports games. "Fully excavating the sports environment resources of the park, scientifically setting up sports areas, and stimulating children's sports activities under effective environmental stimulation", in the in-depth exploration and research around these topics, teachers in Yuying kindergartens have found an effective strategy to organize "children's autonomous sports game activities". They adjust them according to practice, and maximize the level of children's sports games, and promote the development for children's language communication, life experience, physical development and so on.








 

通过对两所优质园的实地观摩和考察,老师们对自己所在园所的环境创设,教师、幼儿的角色定位等困惑都在不同程度上找到了答案。

接下来进入研讨环节。

Through the field observation and investigation of two high quality gardens, the teachers have found the answer about kindergarten environment, about the teacher themselves, the role orientation of children and other puzzles in different levels.

The next step is to enter the seminar.

 

01

问题一:本次参观活动给你最大的启发是什么?

Question 1: what is the biggest inspiration for this visit?

肖珊珊:参观“丰台一幼”,感受到环境处处有教育,每一处环境创设都能体现教育目标与价值,不仅仅是摆设;真正体现了环境就是第三任教师;参观“育英幼儿园”给我感受最大的就是孩子真正成为活动的主人,让孩子更好地去实践和探索。打破年龄、班级界限,扩大幼儿之间的接触与交往,使孩子在活动中相互影响,共同进步。

曾洁:参观园所给我感触最深的是在活动中如何充分体现孩子的自主性。丰一幼从环境中处处可见幼儿的痕迹,如户外环境中很多是孩子和家长利用废旧材料共同制作的吊饰,户外器材等,楼道的环境能够看出过程性的轨迹及递进性(从冬天到春天的过程)。从幼儿发展的角度:幼儿开心、自信大胆,主动和成人交流,在小导游活动中充分的体现。

Xiao Shanshan: I can feel education is related to their environment everywhere in Fengtai First Kindergarten. Every environment creation can reflect the educational goals and values, not only the decoration, which shows the real embodiment of the environment is the third teachers; The most impressive feeling for visiting Yuying Kindergarten is that the children really become the owner of the activities, which makes the children devote themselves better to practice and explore. Break the age and class boundaries, expand the contact and interaction between children, so that children can interact with each other in their activities and make progress together.

Zeng Jie: What I feel most deeply in kindergarten visiting garden is how to fully reflect the autonomy of children in activities. The environment creation is just made by the children themselves in Fengtai First Kindergarten, such as the outdoor environment in which many children and parents use waste materials to make ornaments, outdoor equipment, and so on. The environment of the corridor can see the process track and progressiveness (from winter to spring). From the perspective of children's development: children are happy, confident and bold, and actively communicate with adults,  which is fully reflected in small tour guides.

02

问题二:解决了你哪些困惑?

Question two: What kinds of puzzles are solved?

高岩:在家长工作方面不仅限于情感安抚,需要给予更多有效的方法,更好的开展家园互动。

Gao Yan: Not only limited to emotional appeasing in the work related to parents, but need to give more effective ways to better carry out home interaction.

王珊珊:每个班级一个主题足够满足孩子的需要。因为主题是从孩子中间来的。在主题的筛选过程中充分尊重孩子的意愿和选择,孩子的自主,自信是有一个长时间的铺垫而形成的。

Wang Shanshan: Each class has a theme enough to meet the needs of children, because it comes from children. In the process of theme screening, we fully respect the wishes and choices of children. Children's autonomy and self-confidence are formed for a long time.

张宏伟:园所展示窗体现幼儿主体、家园互动,内容非常丰富;宣传片里有生活、探索、发现,看到了孩子的发展;环境创设中充分考虑到孩子的互动性,起到环境育人的作用;领导要起到精神引领的作用,如何使用策略解决问题,增强教师团队的凝聚力。

Zhang Hongwei: the exhibition window shows the main body and the interaction of the home, and the content is very rich; the propaganda film contains life, exploration, discovery, and children’s development; the environment creation fully takes into consideration the children's interaction, which plays the role of the environment educating people; The leader should really show the leadership about how to use strategy to solve the problem and strengthen The cohesion of a teacher's team.

03

问题三:结合本园工作谈谈园所继续在哪些方面进行提升?如何提升?

Question three: what aspects will continue to be promoted in combination with our garden work? How to improve?

王丽莉:通过环境创设的培训及丰台一幼的观摩,让我体会很深,工坊的作品不是整齐划一的,应该富有个性化,这需要通过教研帮助老师调整自己的观念。丰台一幼有自己的“小蚂蚁”文化,我们也需要将园所文化作为课题列入计划,不断研讨和探索找到自己的文化特色和定位。环境创设方面需要先转变理念,再借鉴他人经验,最终调整为以幼儿为主体的环境。

Wang Lili: The training of the environment creating and the observation Fengtai First Kindergarten made me think a lot. The works of the workshop are not uniform and individualized. It is necessary to help teachers adjust their ideas through teaching and research. The kindergarten has its own "small ant" culture. We also need to make the kindergarten culture as a project, and continue to study and explore its own cultural characteristics and positioning. First the concept of environment creation needs to be changed, then we can borrow lessons from others' experience, and finally adjust to the environment with children as the main body.

王姗姗:我园的户外场地非常大,先天条件很好,我们也充分利用了这些场地,给孩子创设了丰富并有挑战的户外游戏区。但是我们是以班级为单位来进行游戏的,通过观摩育英幼儿园,我在思考我们的户外游戏是否也可以更加联动,打破班级限制,让孩子的选择更加多样化,发展更加全面。

Wang Shanshan: the outdoor field of our kindergarten is very large and it’s a big advantage for us. We have made full use of these sites and created a rich and challenging outdoor game area for the children. But we take the class as a unit to play the game. After the observation of Yuying kindergarten, I am thinking whether our outdoor games can also be more linkage. By breaking the class restrictions, we can make the children's choice more diversified and develop more comprehensively.

黄清爽:看到了各个区域的材料投放的多样性,看到了园所文化在环境中的体现,看到了孩子们对园所文化的传承,深入理解了环境教育对孩子成长的重要性;育英幼儿园活动的材料很丰富多样,并且收纳整齐,场地分配合理,保证了每个年龄段孩子的需求,这是老师们用心的结果。孩子们在活动中井然有序,和老师们一起摆放器械,并且还会主动帮助年纪较小的小朋友,让我感受到全园的氛围非常和谐,孩子们的规则意识也非常的强。这些都是需要我们学习,并改进的地方。

Huang Qingshuang: I saw the diversity of materials in each area, the embodiment of the kindergarten culture via environment, the children's inheritance about the kindergarten’s culture. And I understood the importance of environmental education for the growth of the children. The activities martials of Yuying kindergartens are diverse and well arranged, which ensure the needs of the children of every age period. This is the result of the teachers' thoughtful work. The children are in an orderly manner. They put the instruments together with teachers, and help the younger children actively, which makes me feel the atmosphere of the whole garden is very harmonious and the children's awareness of the rules is very strong. These are the points where we need to learn and improve.



 

本次实地研讨活动,给予参会老师思想上的冲击和行动上的支持,我们秉承宋先生的教育理念“把最宝贵的东西给予儿童”,对于孩子来说到底什么是最宝贵的东西?我们有宽阔的场地,投放的材料是否能真正满足孩子的需要?如何定位园所文化,如何将它变为孩子感兴趣、便于理解的内容?我们要在工作中不断反思和总结,用《指南》的精神指导实践。“尊重幼儿的权利,尊重幼儿学习和发展的规律,提供符合幼儿学习与发展的条件,确保他们在一个温暖的、安全的、富有激励性的环境里,以自己喜欢的方式投入学习,愉快地游戏,主动地探索,快乐地成长”。

The visiting and learning this time have given an ideological impact and support to our teacher. Following the education concept of Ms. Soong "giving the most precious things to children", what is the most valuable thing for the children? Did the materials we delivered have satisfy children’s needs while we own wide place? How to locate the culture of the kindergarten and how to turn it into a content that children are interested in and easy to understand? We should constantly do self-examination and summarizing about our work according to the “guide”.  "Respecting the rights of young children, respecting the rule of children's learning and development, providing conditions for children's learning and development, ensure that they are in a warm, safe, and inspiring environment to study in the way they like, to play happily, to actively explore and grow up happily".

 
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